The Developement Stage of Film
The Development Stage of Film.
The development stage of film began when inventors started working on ways to manipulate photographs, making pictures move while projecting them on a screen. Eadweard Muybridge, an English photographer living in America, and he is credited with being the first to do both. Muybridge used multiple cameras to study motion, taking successive photographs of humans and animals in motion. One of Muybridge first projects was to determine if a racehorse actually came off all fours while at a full gallop, and yes it did.
By the 1880’s Muybridge came up with a way to project the images in motions on the wall. They were brief, showing just a few seconds of a horse jumping a hurdle, or a man running a few feet. The reason they were so short was because you could only fit so many photographs in the spinning cylinder.
To move forward, we look at other inventors who are working on capturing moving images, and projecting them. In 1884, George Eastman who was the founder of “Eastman Kodak,” developed the first roll film- a huge improvement over the heavy metal and glass plates used to make individual photos. The first roll film had a paper backing that had to be stripped off during the film developing stage. Louis Aime Augustin Le Prince, a Frenchman living in England who invented the first motion picture camera using film roll. Mysteriously Le Prince disappeared on a train ride to Paris in 1890. Le Prince is also credited with filming the first motion picture “Roundhay Garden Scene,” in 1888. Only about two seconds of the film survive today.
Hannibal Goodwin improved Eastman’s Film roll in 1889, by using thin strips of transparent, pliable material called celluloid that could hold a coating of chemical sensitive to light. This development solved major problem, were it enabled a strip of film to move through a camera and be photographed in rapid succession, producing a series of pictures.
Media & Culture an intro to Mass Communications, by: Richard Campbell, Christopher R. Martin, and Bettina Fabos.